Types of Leaves

Leave Rules 1981 for Govt. Employees

Leave rules 1981 are still applicable and there are amendments and explanations time to time. Leave rules for all the civil Govt. Employees of Federal as well as Provincial Govt. Employees has been fully described here. The detail of Leaves on full pay, leave on half pay, medical leave, special leave for female staff, maternity […]

Designing Education for Future

Approaches to Educational Planning

Educational Planning Educational planning, in its broadest generic sense, is the application of rational, systematic analysis to the process of educational development with the aim of making education more effective and efficient in responding to the needs and goals of its students and society. The main approaches and techniques of relating educational planning to development planning, which […]

Planning Procedure

Steps Involved in Planning

Definition of Planning “Planning is the process of setting goals, developing strategies, and outlining tasks and schedules to accomplish the goals.” Synonyms: plan, blueprint, design, project, scheme, strategy Steps Involved in Planning Planning is a process which embraces a number of steps to be taken. Planning is an intellectual exercise and a conscious determination of courses of action. Therefore, […]

Steps of Project Method

The Project Method of Teaching

The project method is a significant landmark in the history of the methodology of education. It is directly in line with the current progress and fits in very comfortably with the other developments. The method is not totally new. It owes its origin to the American philosophers belonging to the pragmatic school of philosophy. W. […]

Gratuity Law for Civil Servants

Gratuity Law in Pakistan

Gratuity is a one of the retirement benefits for long service. Before May 1972, the payment of gratuity by employer was on voluntary basis, after that it was incorporated in Standing Orders and becomes a statutory obligation of employers. Since then payment of gratuity is a legal benefit of eligible worker. There are three different […]

Sources of Financing

Sources of Financing

Financing is defined as the act of providing funds for business activities, making purchases or investing. Financial institutions and banks are in the business of financing as they provide capital to businesses, consumers and investors to help them achieve their goals. The educational financing comes from many different sources. The total level of funding a […]