CAI — Computer Assisted Instruction

CAI — Computer Assisted Instruction

Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) refers to an interactive form of teaching in which instructional material is presented by computer and the individual’s learning is tracked using a computer. In simple words, CAI is a program of instructional material presented by means of a computer or computer systems. In some other instances, It is a self-learning technique […]

CSCL — Computer Supported Collaborative Learning

CSCL — Computer Supported Collaborative Learning

Computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) is considered as one of the most promising innovations to improve teaching and learning with the help of modern information and communication technology. Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) refers to learning situations mediated by technologies where small groups of 3 to 5 students are exposed to interaction in order to solve […]

Phases of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL)

Phases of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL)

Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) Developments in ICT offer increasing possibilities for collaborative learning. Technology based learning environments can provide advanced means for the production of knowledge and constructive communication, and interactive and collaborative learning in (and between) classrooms and between teachers and learners. CSCL is one such example. Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) refers to the activity of […]

Selection of Teaching Method

Selection of Teaching Method

Teaching Method A teaching method refers to the set of step by step procedures used by the teacher in guiding the learners to achieve learning objectives. In other words, as applied to classroom setting, a teaching method is a series of related and progressive acts performed by the teacher and the learners to accomplish the […]

Basis of Curriculum

Foundations of Curriculum

Foundations of curriculum are the considerations of educational programs and policies in the light of an interdisciplinary endeavor involving philosophical, psychological, sociological, and historical, understandings. The foundations of curriculum set the external boundaries of the knowledge of curriculum and define what constitutes valid sources from which to derive the field’s theories, principles, and ideas. Curriculum’s […]

Curriculum Development

Factors affecting Curriculum Development

Curriculum development is influenced by a multitude of factors. Factors affecting curriculum development include philosophical, psychological, societal or social, political, economical, educational, technological and gender factors etc. A brief description of these factors is as under; Philosophical Factors Based upon fundamental beliefs that arise from one’s philosophy of Education, curricular decisions involve consideration of several […]

Need Assessment for Curriculum

Need Analysis for Curriculum

Need analysis refers to the the analysis of the learner and the society such as learners’ capacity and ability, aptitudes and potential for learning, motivation, needs, interests and values as well as society’s orientation to nurturing or using the individual gainfully. It also provides a framework of assumptions about emotional, political, cultural, religious and geographical […]

Hilda Taba Model of Curriculum Development

Taba Model of Curriculum Development

Hilda Taba (7 December 1902 – 6 July 1967) was an architect, a curriculum theorist, a curriculum reformer, and a teacher educator. She wrote many books, especially in education, including The Dynamic of Education (1932), Adolescent Character and Personality (1949), School Culture: Studies of Participation and Leadership(1955), Action Research: A case study(1957), Curriculum Development and […]

Teaching VS Instruction

Difference between Teaching and Instruction

Teaching and Instruction are being used interchangeably by many educators these days. Teachers are often called instructors supposing that their job is to instruct, to give knowledge or instructions. However, there is subtle difference between teaching and instruction. Teaching Teaching is more complex in nature. When we talk about teaching, we are dealing with different […]